BDS Course Details, Full Form, Duration, Eligibility, Colleges and Career

BDS full form is a Bachelor of Dental Surgery. It’s an undergraduate degree program in the field of dentistry. This program prepares students to become dental professionals who can diagnose, prevent, and treat oral diseases and conditions. The duration of the BDS program is typically 5 years. This includes 4 years of academic study and 1 year of mandatory rotating internship

To be eligible for BDS programs, you'll typically need to complete your 10+2 (higher secondary education) with a minimum percentage of marks set by the university (often around 45-50%). Some institutions might require specific science subjects like Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. In certain countries, entrance exams might be mandatory.

The BDS curriculum is comprehensive, encompassing various dental sciences. You'll delve into oral anatomy, understand the properties of dental materials, and gain expertise in general dentistry procedures. The program also covers specialised areas like periodontology (gum disease), orthodontics (teeth alignment), and prosthodontics (replacing missing teeth). Oral pathology, endodontics (treating the dental pulp), and oral surgery are also part of the curriculum. To solidify your learning, BDS programs often combine classroom lectures with practical sessions in dental labs and supervised clinical rotations in dental clinics.

BDS Full Form

BDS stands for Bachelor of Dental Surgery. The term "Bachelor of Dental Surgery" is used because the degree focuses on the field of dental science, specifically on the surgical aspects of dentistry.

BDS Course Details

Bachelor of Dental Surgery(BDS) is a 5-year undergraduate program, including 4 years of academic study and 1 year of internship. Eligibility requires 12th-grade completion with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology, and passing an entrance exam like NEET. The curriculum covers human anatomy, physiology, pathology, dental materials, and clinical dentistry. The internship provides practical experience in various dental specialities. Graduates can become dental practitioners, surgeons, or specialists in orthodontics, periodontics, and more.

BDS Duration

The Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) program has a duration of 5 years. This includes:

  • 4 yearsof academic coursework covering theoretical and practical aspects of dental science.
  • 1 yearof mandatory rotating internship to gain hands-on clinical experience across various dental departments.

BDS Syllabus and Curriculum

The BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery) curriculum is comprehensive and covers a wide range of dental sciences over five years of full-time study. Here's a breakdown of the general structure and some key subject areas:

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  • The program typically combines classroom lectures, laboratory-based practical sessions, and clinical rotations in dental clinics under the supervision of qualified dentists.
  • The balance between theoretical knowledge and practical application is crucial for preparing graduates to become competent dentists.

Subject Areas:

  1. Foundational Sciences:
    • Oral Anatomy & Physiology: Understanding the structure and function of the oral cavity, head, and neck.
    • Dental Materials: Learning about the properties and applications of various materials used in dentistry.
  2. Clinical Dentistry:
    • General Dentistry: Diagnosis, treatment planning, and procedures for common dental problems like cavities and gum disease.
    • Oral Pathology: Studying diseases affecting the oral cavity, including cancer and infections.
    • Periodontology: Concentrating on preventing, diagnosing, and treating gum diseases and the supportive tissues of teeth.
    • Orthodontics: Addressing misaligned teeth and malocclusions through braces and other corrective measures.
    • Prosthodontics: Restoring missing teeth and facial structures with crowns, bridges, dentures, and implants.
    • Endodontics: Specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases affecting the dental pulp (nerve and blood vessels) inside the teeth.
    • Oral Surgery: Learning minor surgical procedures related to the teeth, jaws, and associated structures.
  3. Public Health Dentistry:
  • Dental Public Health: Exploring community-oriented dentistry principles and preventive care measures to promote oral health in populations.

Additional Considerations:

  • The specific curriculum content and course sequence might vary depending on the university and country.
  • Some institutions might offer specialisations or electives within the BDS program.
  • It's always recommended to refer to the official BDS program website of the university you're interested in for the most up-to-date and detailed syllabus information.

Eligibility Criteria For BDS

To be eligible for the Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) program, candidates must meet the following criteria:

  1. Educational Qualification:
    • Completion of higher secondary education (12th grade) with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as core subjects.
  2. Minimum Marks:
    • A minimum aggregate score of 50% in the qualifying exams (45% for reserved categories).
  3. Entrance Exam:
    • Must qualify for a dental entrance examination, such as the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET).
  4. Age Limit:
    • Applicants must be a minimum of 17 years old at the time of admission.

These criteria ensure that students have a strong foundation in science and are prepared for the rigorous BDS curriculum.

Entrance Exams for BDS

To gain admission into a Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) program, candidates are required to appear for entrance exams. The primary entrance exams for BDS include:

Entrance ExamDescription
National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET)National-level exam conducted by NTA for admission to medical and dental courses in India
AIIMS Entrance ExamThe entrance exam is conducted by AIIMS for admission to its BDS program.
State-Level Entrance ExamsVarious states conduct their own entrance exams for BDS admission in state-affiliated colleges.
University-Level Entrance ExamsSome universities conduct their own entrance exams for admission to BDS programs in their colleges.

BDS Admission Process

The admission process for Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) programs typically involves the following steps:

  1. Appear for Entrance Exam:
    • Candidates must appear for entrance exams like NEET (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test) conducted at the national level or state-level entrance exams specific to certain states.
  2. Check Eligibility:
    • To be eligible for BDS admission, candidates must meet the educational requirements and pass the entrance exam with a minimum score.
  3. Apply for Counselling:
    • After the entrance exam results are announced, eligible candidates need to register for counselling conducted by the respective authorities.
  4. Choice Filling:
    • During counselling, candidates are required to fill in their preferences for dental colleges and courses based on their rank in the entrance exam.
  5. Document Verification:
    • Candidates must undergo document verification to confirm their eligibility for admission. Required documents may include mark sheets, certificates, identity proof, and others.
  6. Seat Allotment:
    • Based on the candidate's rank in the entrance exam and their choices filled during counselling, seats are allotted in dental colleges.
  7. Reporting to Allotted College:
    • Once seats are allotted, candidates need to report to the allotted dental college within the specified time frame to complete the admission formalities.
  8. Payment of Fees:
    • Candidates need to pay the prescribed fees for admission, which may include tuition fees, caution deposits, and other charges.
  9. Commencement of Classes:
    • After completing the admission process and payment of fees, candidates can attend classes as per the schedule of the dental college.

It's essential for candidates to stay updated with notifications from counselling authorities and follow the prescribed procedures to ensure a smooth admission process into BDS programs.

Best Dental Colleges in India

Here are some of the best dental colleges in India known for their quality education, infrastructure, faculty, and research facilities:

Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences (MAIDS)Delhi
Manipal College of Dental Sciences (MCODS)Manipal
Government Dental College & Hospital (GDCH)Mumbai
Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and ResearchChennai
Christian Dental CollegeLudhiana

Teerthanker Mahaveer University(TMU)


Why Choose TMU for BDS?

Choosing Teerthanker Mahaveer Dental College & Research Centre (TMDCRC) for BDS offers several compelling reasons:

  1. Quality Education: TMDCRC is known for providing high-quality dental education with a comprehensive curriculum and state-of-the-art facilities.
  2. Experienced Faculty: The college boasts experienced and skilled faculty members dedicated to imparting students knowledge and skills.
  3. Clinical Exposure: TMDCRC offers ample clinical exposure, providing students with opportunities to gain hands-on experience in treating patients under the guidance of experienced professionals.
  4. Research Opportunities: The college encourages research activities, allowing students to explore their interests and contribute to the field of dentistry through research projects and publications.
  5. Reputation: Teerthanker Mahaveer University (TMU), of which TMDCRC is a part, has a reputable name in the field of education, further enhancing the credibility of the dental college.

BDS Fees

The fees for BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery) programs vary depending on the college, location, and facilities provided.

Type of CollegeAverage Annual Fees (INR)
Private Dental College₹2,00,000 - ₹5,00,000
Government Dental College₹50,000 - ₹2,00,000

It's essential to check with specific colleges for the most accurate and up-to-date information on fees and additional expenses such as hostel fees, examination fees, and other miscellaneous charges.


AspectBDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery)MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery)BHMS (Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
SpecialisationDentistryAllopathic MedicineHomeopathic Medicine and Surgery
Duration5 years (4 years of academic study + 1 year internship)5.5 years (4.5 years of academic study + 1 year internship)5.5 years (4.5 years of academic study + 1 year internship)
FocusFocuses on diagnosing, treating, and preventing oral diseases and conditions.Focuses on diagnosing, treating, and preventing diseases using allopathic medicineFocuses on diagnosing, treating, and preventing diseases using homoeopathic principles.
Career PathCan become a dentist, dental surgeon, orthodontist, periodontist, etc.Can become a doctor, general physician, surgeon, specialist, etc.Can become a homoeopathic doctor, practitioner, consultant, etc
LicensingRequires registration with dental councils (e.g., Dental Council of India)Requires registration with medical councils (e.g., Medical Council of India)Requires registration with homeopathy councils (e.g., Central Council of Homeopathy)
TreatmentTreats dental and oral health issues such as tooth decay, gum diseases, and oral infections.Treats various medical conditions, injuries, and illnesses using pharmaceuticals, surgery, etc.Treats illnesses using diluted substances that produce similar symptoms in healthy individuals.
ApproachFocuses on oral health and dental treatmentsDiagnosis and treatment of a wide range of medical conditionsFocuses on holistic healing and individualised treatment based on the principles of homoeopathy

BDS Scope, Salary & Opportunities


  • BDS graduates have a wide scope of opportunities in both public and private sectors.
  • They can work as dental practitioners, dental surgeons, orthodontists, periodontists, oral pathologists, dental educators, or researchers.
  • With further specialisations and experience, they can also pursue careers in academics, dental public health, dental administration, and dental consultancy.


  • The salary for BDS graduates varies depending on factors such as location, type of practice, experience, and specialisation.
  • In India, fresh BDS graduates can expect an average starting salary ranging from ₹20,000 to ₹40,000 per month in private clinics or dental hospitals.
  • With experience and specialisation, BDS professionals can earn significantly higher salaries, ranging from ₹50,000 to ₹1,00,000 per month or more.


  1. Private Practice: Many BDS graduates choose to set up their own dental clinics or join established private practices.
  2. Government Jobs: BDS professionals can work in government hospitals, dental colleges, public health departments, and defence services.
  3. Corporate Sector: Dental professionals are also in demand in corporate healthcare setups, insurance companies, pharmaceutical companies, and dental product manufacturing firms.
  4. Academics & Research: BDS graduates can pursue teaching and research opportunities in dental colleges and universities.
  5. International Opportunities: There are opportunities for BDS professionals to work abroad in countries with a shortage of dental practitioners.

BDS Internships

Internships are an integral part of the BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery) program, providing students with practical exposure and hands-on experience in various aspects of dentistry. Here's an overview of BDS internships:

  1. Duration: The internship period in BDS typically lasts for 1 year.
  2. Rotatory Internship: BDS students undergo a rotatory internship, rotating through different clinical departments within a dental hospital or institution.
  3. Clinical Experience: During the internship, students gain practical experience in treating patients under the supervision of experienced faculty members and dental professionals.
  4. Departmental Rotations: Interns rotate through departments such as Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Conservative Dentistry, Prosthodontics, Orthodontics, Periodontics, and Public Health Dentistry.
  5. Procedures: Interns perform various dental procedures, including tooth extractions, cavity fillings, root canal treatments, scaling and polishing, crown and bridge work, and minor oral surgeries.
  6. Case Presentations: Interns are required to present cases they have treated and managed during their internship period to faculty members for evaluation and feedback.
  7. Skill Enhancement: The internship helps in enhancing clinical skills, developing patient management skills, improving communication with patients, and understanding the ethical and legal aspects of dental practice.
  8. Certification: Upon successful completion of the internship, students receive a certificate from the dental college or institution, which is necessary for registration with the dental council and subsequent practice as a dentist.

BDS internships provide students with valuable clinical experience, preparing them for the challenges of professional dental practice and laying the foundation for their future careers as dental professionals.

What After BDS?

After completing BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery), there are various career pathways and options available for graduates to pursue. Here are some common options:

  1. Practice as a General Dentist: Many BDS graduates choose to start their own dental clinics or join existing dental practices as general dentists. They provide routine dental care, preventive treatments, and basic dental procedures to patients.
  2. Specialisation (MDS): Some BDS graduates opt for further specialisation by pursuing a Master of Dental Surgery (MDS) in various branches of dentistry such as Oral Surgery, Orthodontics, Periodontics, Prosthodontics, Endodontics, Oral Pathology, etc. MDS offers advanced training and expertise in a specific area of dentistry, enhancing career prospects and earning potential.
  3. Government Jobs: BDS graduates can apply for government job opportunities in dental hospitals, public health departments, defence services, and government-run healthcare facilities. They can work as dental surgeons, dental officers, or dental specialists in these settings.
  4. Private Sector Jobs: There are job opportunities for BDS graduates in the private sector, including corporate dental clinics, dental chains, dental product manufacturing companies, pharmaceutical companies, insurance companies, and healthcare startups. They can work as dental consultants, corporate dentists, clinical advisors, or research associates.
  5. Teaching & Research: BDS graduates interested in academics and research can pursue careers in dental colleges, universities, and research institutions. They can work as faculty members, lecturers, researchers, or academic administrators, contributing to education, training, and advancement in the field of dentistry.
  6. Dental Public Health: BDS graduates can work in the field of dental public health, focusing on promoting oral health, preventing dental diseases, and addressing oral health disparities in communities. They can work in government health departments, non-profit organisations, or international health agencies.
  7. International Opportunities: BDS graduates can explore job opportunities and further studies abroad, especially in countries with a shortage of dental professionals. They can work as dentists, researchers, or educators in foreign countries, contributing to global oral healthcare.


MDS (Master of Dental Surgery)is a postgraduate program that provides advanced training and specialisation in various branches of dentistry. Here's an overview:


  • MDS programs typically have a duration of 3 years.


  • MDS offers specialisations in various branches of dentistry, including:
    • Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
    • Orthodontics
    • Periodontics
    • Prosthodontics
    • Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics
    • Oral Pathology
    • Public Health Dentistry
    • Paedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
    • Oral Medicine and Radiology


  • The curriculum includes advanced theoretical study, clinical training, research, and practical experience in the chosen specialisation.

Career Opportunities:

  • MDS graduates can pursue careers as specialist dentists in hospitals, dental clinics, academic institutions, research organisations, and private practice.
  • They may also work as consultants, educators, researchers, or administrators in the field of dentistry.


  • Salaries for MDS graduates vary depending on factors such as specialisation, location, experience, and type of practice.
  • On average, MDS specialists can earn significantly higher salaries compared to BDS graduates due to their advanced training and expertise.


In conclusion, the field of dentistry offers a wide range of opportunities for individuals pursuing a career in oral healthcare. The Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) program equips students with the knowledge, skills, and practical experience necessary to become competent dental professionals. With a comprehensive curriculum covering various aspects of dental science and a mandatory internship providing hands-on clinical exposure, BDS graduates are well-prepared to embark on their professional journey.

Additionally, options such as specialisation through the Master of Dental Surgery (MDS) program, government or private sector employment, teaching and research opportunities, and international prospects further expand the horizons for BDS graduates. Whether it's providing direct patient care, conducting research, or contributing to public health initiatives, BDS graduates play a crucial role in promoting oral health and enhancing the quality of life for individuals worldwide.


Q1: Is BDS a medical doctor?

Ans:No, BDS graduates are not medical doctors. They specialise in dentistry, focusing on oral health. While they can diagnose, prevent, and treat dental issues, they are not authorised to practice general medicine or perform medical procedures outside the scope of dentistry.

Q2: Is BDS equal to MBBS?

Ans:No, BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery) is not equal to MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery). BDS focuses on dentistry, while MBBS focuses on general medicine and surgery. Both are separate undergraduate degrees in their respective fields of healthcare.

Q3: Is BDS possible without NEET?

Ans:In India, BDS (dentistry) almost always requires NEET (entrance exam). It ensures a baseline of knowledge and creates a fair system. Explore dental hygiene programs or other medical fields if NEET isn't an option. Research alternative paths to achieve your healthcare goals.

Q4: Can BDS do surgery?

Ans:In India, BDS (dentistry) almost always requires NEET (entrance exam). It ensures a baseline of knowledge and creates a fair system. Explore dental hygiene programs or other medical fields if NEET isn't an option. Research alternative paths to achieve your healthcare goals.

Q5: Is BDS tough or easy?

Ans:BDS demands hard work - intense studies, practice, and precision. It's not a breeze, but achievable with dedication and passion for dentistry. Compared to medicine (MBBS), the knowledge load might be less, but intricate dental procedures pose their own challenges.

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